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Reduction of visceral fat could be related to the improvement of TBS in diabetes mellitus

Moon, HU | Lee, N  | Chung, YS  | Choi, YJ
Journal of bone and mineral metabolism, 38(5). : 702-709, 2020
Journal Title
Journal of bone and mineral metabolism
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes has been proposed as a risk factor for increased skeletal fragility. Visceral fat is known to yield adverse effects on bone metabolism in people with diabetes. We investigated the relationship between the change in visceral fat mass over time and TBS or BMD.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 690 (male: 367; female: 323) subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Visceral fat mass, lumbar and femoral neck BMD, and lumbar spine TBS were measured via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), including the follow-up data within a 3-year period.

RESULTS: TBS significantly increased as visceral fat mass decreased in both sexes (p < 0.001), whereas lumbar BMD and femoral neck BMD showed meaningful changes only in men. The multiple regression model with adjustment for age, weight, creatinine level, lipid profile, HbA1C, and status of osteoporosis medication use revealed that TBS and femoral neck BMD were correlated with visceral fat mass. However, regarding longitudinal changes, only the change in visceral fat mass had a significant relationship with TBS (males: β = - 0.298, p < 0.001; females: β = - 0.216, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study may suggest the beneficial effect of controlling visceral fat mass on bone health in type 2 diabetes patients. Besides, DXA-derived TBS could be a useful diagnostic tool for evaluating the bone changes according to metabolic changes in type 2 diabetes, which are not entirely achieved with BMD.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Endocrinology & Metabolism
Ajou Authors
이, 나미  |  정, 윤석  |  최, 용준
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