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Diagnostic accuracy of "sweeping" method compared to conventional sampling in rapid urease test for Helicobacter pylori detection in atrophic mucosa

Noh, CK  | Lee, GH  | Park, JW  | Roh, J  | Han, JH  | Lee, E | Park, B  | Lim, SG  | Shin, SJ  | Cheong, JY  | Kim, JH  | Lee, KM
Scientific reports, 10(1). : 18483-18483, 2020
Journal Title
Scientific reports
Although the rapid urease test (RUT) is a simple method for detecting Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, it requires sufficient biopsy samples and its sensitivity varies depending on the site and condition of H. pylori infection. We compared the diagnostic performance of a "sweeping method" for H. pylori detection with the conventional biopsy sampling method in atrophic gastric conditions which can reduce RUT accuracy. This prospective study included 279 patients who underwent upper endoscopy to determine the presence of H. pylori infection. Gastric mucosa of both the antrum and the corpus were swabbed, and we named this method the "sweeping method". Biopsy sampling for the conventional method, histologic evaluation, and polymerase chain reaction were performed at the same time. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the sweeping method were 0.941, 0.826, and 0.903, respectively, compared to 0.685, 0.859, and 0.742, respectively, for the conventional biopsy method. The area under the receiver operating curve for the sweeping method was 0.884 versus 0.772 for the conventional method (P < 0.001). The sweeping method had a faster detection time than the conventional method. Compared to conventional biopsy sampling, the sweeping method with the RUT provided higher sensitivity and accuracy for the detection of H. pylori, with a faster detection time.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Gastroenterology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pathology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biomedical Informatics
Ajou Authors
김, 진홍  |  노, 진  |  노, 충균  |  박, 범희  |  박, 진웅  |  신, 성재  |  이, 기명  |  이, 길호  |  임, 선교  |  정, 재연  |  한, 재호
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