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Neurogenin-1 Overexpression Increases the Therapeutic Effects of Mesenchymal Stem Cells through Enhanced Engraftment in an Ischemic Rat Brain

Kim, GH | Subash, M | Yoon, JS  | Jo, D | Han, J | Hong, JM  | Kim, SS  | Suh-Kim, H
International journal of stem cells, 13(1). : 127-141, 2020
Journal Title
International journal of stem cells
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stem cell therapy is a promising strategy for treating neurological diseases but its effectiveness is influenced by the route of administration and the characteristics of the stem cells. We determined whether neural induction of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was beneficial when the cells were delivered intra-arterially through the carotid artery. Methods and RESULTS: MSCs were neurally induced using a retroviral vector expressing the neurogenic transcription factor neurogenin-1 (Ngn1). The LacZ gene encoding bacterial beta-galactosidase was used as a control. Ischemic stroke was induced by transluminal occlusion of the middle cerebral artery and 3 days later the MSCs were delivered intra-arterially through the internal carotid artery. Magnetic resonance imaging analysis indicated that compared to MSCs expressing LacZ (MSCs/LacZ), MSCs expressing Ngn1 (MSCs/Ngn1) exhibited increased recruitment to the ischemic region and populated this area for a longer duration. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated that compared to MSCs/LacZ, MSCs/Ngn1 more effectively alleviated neurological dysfunction by blocking secondary damage associated with neuronal cell death and brain inflammation. Microarray and real-time PCR analysis indicated that MSCs/Ngn1 exhibited increased expression of chemotactic cytokine receptors, adherence to endothelial cells, and migration ability. CONCLUSIONS: Neural induction with Ngn1 increases the homing ability of MSCs, enhancing their engraftment efficiency in the ischemic rat brain. Intra-arterial delivery of neurally induced MSCs/Ngn1 3 days after ischemic injury blocks neuronal cell death and inflammation, and improves functional recovery. Thus, intra-arterial administration of stem cells with neural properties may be a novel therapy for the treatment of ischemic stroke.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Anatomy
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurology
Ajou Authors
김, 성수  |  서, 해영  |  윤, 정선  |  홍, 지만
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