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Expression of the gap junction proteins connexin 26 and connexin 43 in human middle ear cholesteatoma.

Authors
Choung, YH; Park, K; Kang, SO; Markov, Raynov A; Ho, Kim C; Choung, PH
Citation
Acta oto-laryngologica, 126(2):138-143, 2006
Journal Title
Acta oto-laryngologica
ISSN
0001-64891651-2251
Abstract
CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed upregulated expression and a change in localization of both connexin 43 (Cx43) and Cx26 in human middle ear cholesteatoma compared to those in normal retroauricular skins (RASs) and ear canal skins (ECSs). This suggests that perturbations of intercellular communication through gap junctions may be associated with the pathology of human cholesteatomas.



OBJECTIVE: Cholesteatomas in the middle ear require intercellular signal exchange through gap junctions as well as intracellular signal pathways for the hyperproliferation and differentiation of epithelial cells. Cx is a gap junction protein involved in intercellular communication. The objective of this study was to analyze the expression and possible roles of Cx43 and Cx26 in human cholesteatoma compared to normal epithelium.



MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten RASs, 10 ECSs and 10 cholesteatomas were obtained during middle ear operations. Immunohistochemical staining, Western blotting and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to detect Cx43 and Cx26. The expression patterns of Cx43 and Cx26 were also compared with that of the proliferation marker Ki67.



RESULTS: In human cholesteatomas, Cx43 was expressed in whole suprabasal layers, except in the basal layer, and Cx26 was usually expressed in the suprabasal and basal layers. However, normal RASs showed weak expression of Cx43 in the upper spinosal and granular layers (with no expression in the basal layers) and restricted localization of Cx26 in the basal layer. The expression of Cx43 and Cx26 in ECSs was weak but showed similar patterns to that of cholesteatoma. RT-PCR and Western blotting showed that the expression of Cx43 and Cx26 was higher in cholesteatoma than in RASs. Epithelial cells expressing Cx43 and Cx26 in cholesteatoma were not exactly identical to Ki67-expressing cells on immunohistochemical staining.
MeSH terms
Blotting, WesternCholesteatoma, Middle Ear/metabolism*Connexin 43/biosynthesis*Connexin 43/physiologyConnexins/biosynthesis*Connexins/physiologyEar Canal/metabolismEar, External/metabolismEar, Middle/pathology*Gene ExpressionHumansImmunohistochemistryRNA, Messenger/metabolismReverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain ReactionUp-Regulation
DOI
10.1080/00016480500312521
PMID
16428189
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Otolaryngology
AJOU Authors
정, 연훈박, 기현김, 철호
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