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Changes in vestibular symptoms and function after cochlear implantation: Relevant factors and correlations with residual hearing

Jang, JH  | Kim, H  | Choo, OS | Park, HY  | Choung, YH
Clinical and experimental otorhinolaryngology, 14(1). : 69-75, 2021
Journal Title
Clinical and experimental otorhinolaryngology
Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate vestibular function loss after cochlear implantation (CI) and the relationship between vestibular function and hearing changes. Methods. Seventy-five patients with CI were enrolled and divided into those with normal preoperative caloric function (group I) and those with a normal preoperative waveform in cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (c-VEMP) testing (group II). The relationship between hearing and changes in the vestibular system was analyzed preoperatively and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Results. In group I, unilateral weakness on the implanted side was detected in five (7.7%) and eight (12.3%) patients at 3 and 6 months post-CI, respectively. By 3 months post-CI, the total slow-phase velocity (SPV; warm and cold stimula-tions) was significantly different between the implanted and non-implanted sides (P=0.011), and the shift in total SPV from pre-to post-CI was significantly correlated with the average hearing threshold at 6 months post-CI. In group II, an abnormal c-VEMP was detected on the implanted side in six patients (16.2%) at 3 months post-CI, and in six patients (16.2%) at 6 months post-CI. Significant changes were noticed in the P1 and N1 amplitude at 3 months post-CI (P=0.027 and P=0.019, respectively). Conclusion. Vestibular function and residual hearing function should be afforded equal and simultaneous consideration in terms of preservation.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Otolaryngology
Ajou Authors
김, 한태  |  박, 헌이  |  장, 정훈  |  정, 연훈
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