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Preexisting comorbidities are associated with the mortality rate as well as the predialysis adverse events in incident dialysis patients

Lee, MJ  | Park, I  | Kim, H  | Shin, GT  | Jeong, JC
Kidney research and clinical practice, 40(3). : 419-431, 2021
Journal Title
Kidney research and clinical practice
Background: Optimal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) to start maintenance dialysis is controversial. Observational studies have reported that initiation of dialysis at high eGFRs is associated with worse postdialysis survival. Methods: We retrospectively investigated 1,038 incident dialysis patients who started maintenance dialysis during 2010-2015. Patients were assessed for comorbidities and adverse events during the transitional period of dialysis initiation. Patients were classified as planned dialysis (PD) vs. unplanned dialysis (UD) according to indications for dialysis initiation. Results: UD group comprised 352 patients (33.9%). Mean eGFR at dialysis initiation was higher in UD patients than PD patients (7.9 ± 5.1 vs. 5.9 ± 3.4 mL/min/1.73 m2, p < 0.001). Mean Davies comorbidity index in the UD group was higher (vs. PD group, 1.3 ± 1.0 vs. 0.9 ± 1.0, p < 0.001). Patients with more comorbidities experienced more ischemic heart disease (hazard ratio [HR], 4.36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.71–11.14) in the medium-risk group and HR of 8.84 (95% CI, 3.06–25.55) in the high-risk group (vs. low-risk group, p < 0.001)) during the predialysis period. High-risk group had increased postdialysis mortality (HR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.46–4.20; p = 0.001). Adjusted HR of mortality was higher in the medium-risk group of UD patients (HR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.16–2.56; p = 0.007). Conclusion: Patients with more comorbidities were at increased risk of predialysis ischemic heart disease and postdialysis mortality. UD patients in the medium-risk population had increased risk of postdialysis mortality. Dialysis start should be individualized by considering comorbidities.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Nephrology
Ajou Authors
김, 흥수  |  박, 인휘  |  신, 규태  |  이, 민정
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