As ovarian cancer commonly involves the visceral organs without boundary, more aggressive procedures are adopted during cytoreductive surgery. One of the most difficult aspect of the operation involves the procedure for the gall bladder, porta hepatis, and omental bursa. As the upper abdominal surgical field is not familiar to the gynecologic surgeon, and the vital organs or vessels are densely positioned, these procedures can be challenging for achieving the optimal cytoreductive surgery. The surgical approaches for advanced ovarian cancer that are required in the upper abdomen have evolved with the progress in surgical techniques. This article will discuss the surgical approach by focusing on cholecystectomy, porta hepatis debulking, and omental bursectomy, as well as the regional anatomy in patients with advanced ovarian cancer.
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