Cited 0 times in Scipus Cited Count

Intracellular Ca2 + Imbalance Critically Contributes to Paraptosis

Kim, E | Lee, DM | Seo, MJ | Lee, HJ | Choi, KS
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 8. : 607844-607844, 2021
Journal Title
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology
Paraptosis is a type of programmed cell death that is characterized by dilation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and/or mitochondria. Since paraptosis is morphologically and biochemically different from apoptosis, understanding its regulatory mechanisms may provide a novel therapeutic strategy in malignant cancer cells that have proven resistant to conventional pro-apoptotic treatments. Relatively little is known about the molecular basis of paraptosis, but perturbations of cellular proteostasis and ion homeostasis appear to critically contribute to the process. Ca2+ transport has been shown to be important in the paraptosis induced by several natural products, metal complexes, and co-treatment with proteasome inhibitors and certain Ca2+-modulating agents. In particular, the Ca2+-mediated communication between the ER and mitochondria plays a crucial role in paraptosis. Mitochondrial Ca2+ overload from the intracellular Ca2+-flux system located at the ER–mitochondrial axis can induce mitochondrial dilation during paraptosis, while the accumulation of misfolded proteins within the ER lumen is believed to exert an osmotic force and draw water from the cytoplasm to distend the ER lumen. In this process, Ca2+ release from the ER also critically contributes to aggravating ER stress and ER dilation. This review focuses on the role of Ca2+ transport in paraptosis by summarizing the recent findings related to the actions of Ca2+-modulating paraptosis-inducing agents and discussing the potential cancer therapeutic strategies that may effectively induce paraptosis via Ca2+ signaling.

Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Ajou Authors
최, 경숙
Full Text Link
Files in This Item:


해당 아이템을 이메일로 공유하기 원하시면 인증을 거치시기 바랍니다.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.