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HMBS is the most suitable reference gene for RT-qPCR in human HCC tissues and blood samples

Ahn, HR | Baek, GO | Yoon, MG | Son, JA | You, D | Yoon, JH | Cho, HJ  | Kim, SS  | Cheong, JY  | Eun, JW
Oncology letters, 22(5). : 791-791, 2021
Journal Title
Oncology letters
Reverse transcription-quantitative (RT-q) PCR is the most feasible and useful technique for identifying and evaluating cancer biomarkers; however, the method requires suitable reference genes for gene expression analysis. The aim of the present study was to identify the most suitable refer- ence gene for the normalization of relative gene expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue and blood samples. First, 14 candidate reference genes were selected through a systematic literature search. The expression levels of these genes (ACTB, B2M, GAPDH, GUSB, HMBS, HPRT1, PGK1, PPIA, RPLP0, RPL13A, SDHA, TBP, TFRC and YWHAZ) were evaluated using human multistage HCC tran- scriptome data (dataset GSE114564), which included normal liver (n=15), chronic hepatitis (n=20), liver cirrhosis (n=10), and early (n=18) and advanced HCC (n=45). From the 14 selected genes, five genes, whose expression levels were stable in all liver disease statuses (ACTB, GAPDH, HMBS, PPIA and RPLP0), were further assessed using RT-qPCR in 40 tissues (20 paired healthy tissues and 20 tissues from patients with HCC) and 40 blood samples (20 healthy controls and 20 samples from patients with HCC). BestKeeper statistical algorithms were used to identify the most stable reference genes, of which HMBS was found to be the most stable in both HCC tissues and blood samples. Therefore, the results of the present study suggest HMBS as a promising reference gene for the normalization of relative RT-qPCR techniques in HCC-related studies.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Gastroenterology
Ajou Authors
김, 순선  |  은, 정우  |  정, 재연  |  조, 효정
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