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Motorized Shaver Harvest Results in Similar Cell Yield and Characteristics Compared With Rongeur Biopsy During Arthroscopic Synovium-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Harvest

Shin, DI | Kim, M | Park, DY  | Min, BH  | Yun, HW | Chung, JY  | Min, KJ
Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery, 37(9). : 2873-2882, 2021
Journal Title
Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery
Purpose: To compare cell yield and character of synovium-derived mesenchymal stem cell (SDMSC) harvested by 2 different techniques using rongeur and motorized shaver during knee arthroscopy. Methods: This study was performed in 15 patients undergoing partial meniscectomy. Two different techniques were used to harvest SDMSCs in each patient from the synovial membrane at 2 different locations overlying the anterior fat pad, each within 1 minute of harvest time. Cell yield and proliferation rates were evaluated. Cell surface marker analysis was done after passage 2 (P2). Trilineage differentiation potential was evaluated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and histology. Statistical analysis between the 2 methods was done using the Mann–Whitney U test. Results: Wet weight of total harvested tissue was 69.93 (± 20.02) mg versus 378.91 (± 168.87) mg for the rongeur and shaver group, respectively (P < .0001). Mononucleated cell yield was 3.32 (± 0.89) versus 3.18 (± 0.97) × 103 cells/mg, respectively (P = .67). Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis revealed similar SDMSC-related cell surface marker expression levels in both groups, with positive expression for CD44, CD73, CD90, and CD105 and decreased expression for CD34 and CD45. Both groups showed similar trilineage differentiation potential in histology. Chondrogenic (SOX9, ACAN, COL2), adipogenic (LPL, PLIN1, PPAR-γ), and osteogenic (OCN, OSX, RUNX2) gene marker expression levels also were similar between both groups. Conclusions: No difference was observed between rongeur biopsy and motorized shaver harvest methods regarding SDMSC yield and cell characteristics. Clinical Relevance: The current study shows that both rongeur and motorized shaver harvest are safe and effective methods for obtaining SDMSCs. Motorized shaver harvest results in higher volume of tissue acquisition per time, thereby leading to higher number of SDMSCs which may be useful during clinical application.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Orthopedic Surgery
Ajou Authors
민, 병현  |  박, 도영  |  정, 준영
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