Cited 0 times in Scipus Cited Count

Effect of Age at Cochlear Implantation in Educational Placement and Peer Relationships

Choo, OS | Kim, H  | Kim, YJ | Roh, J | Jang, JH  | Park, HY  | Choung, YH
Ear and hearing, 42(4). : 1054-1061, 2021
Journal Title
Ear and hearing
Objectives: The education and school life of children who have undergone cochlear implantation (CI) is very important and should be monitored continuously. This study assessed auditory performance in children with cochlear implants over time, along with educational placement and peer relationship, and compared the results based on the age at CI and the presence of additional disabilities. Design: In total, 77 children who had undergone CI at the Hearing Center in Ajou University Hospital at less than 10 years old and who were presently attending school or had already graduated from school within 3 years were enrolled in this study. All children had congenital bilateral severe or profound hearing loss at the diagnosis. They were classified based on the age at which they received CI: the "early-implanted group," younger than 3.5 years (n = 38), and the "late-implanted group," between 3.5 and 10 years old (n = 39). Results: The early-implanted group had worse short-term auditory performance than the late group, but after 2 years of the implant use, auditory performance was similar in both groups. The early and late groups did not differ significantly in terms of the proportions of children who were enrolled in a regular school (94.7% and 89.7%, respectively). However, the early-implanted group had a larger proportion of children who were enrolled in a regular school without additional needs (73.0%), compared with the late group (48.6%) (p =.034). Children with multiple disabilities showed poorer performance (word score of 57.7% and sentence score of 44.7%) than children with hearing disability only (91.8% and 87.2%, respectively), which affected full-time enrollment in regular schools. With regard to peer relationships, 19.0% of children in the early-implanted group required close observation and assistance, and 9.5% even required help and counseling. Children who underwent early CI had a high tendency toward social restraint, apathy, and over-commitment. No correlations were observed between audiological factors and the aspects of peer relationships assessed in this study. Conclusions: Early CI and the absence of other disabilities were the two main factors that increased the likelihood of full-time enrollment in mainstream classes at regular schools. Nevertheless, many children who underwent earlier CI still encountered difficulties in peer relationships.


Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Otolaryngology
Ajou Authors
김, 한태  |  박, 헌이  |  장, 정훈  |  정, 연훈
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


해당 아이템을 이메일로 공유하기 원하시면 인증을 거치시기 바랍니다.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.