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Incidence and Risk Factors of Cardio-Cerebrovascular Disease in Korean Menopausal Women: A Retrospective Observational Study using the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study data

Park, JH  | Seo, EJ  | Bae, SH
Asian nursing research, 15(4). : 265-271, 2021
Journal Title
Asian nursing research
Purpose: Cardio-cerebrovascular diseases constitute the most common and fatal disease among menopausal women. However, the risk of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases in menopausal women compared to men has been underestimated, with insufficient related studies. Therefore, we examined the incidence and risk factors of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases among Korean menopausal women. Methods: A retrospective observational study design with secondary analysis was conducted using data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study survey. We used the study's data of 1,197 menopausal women, aged 40–64 years, who did not have cardio-cerebrovascular diseases at baseline and their related data from the biennial follow-ups over 14 years. Cardio-cerebrovascular diseases were defined as hypertension, coronary artery disease, or stroke. The incidence of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases was calculated per person-years, and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine the predictors of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases during the follow-up period. Results: Of the 1,197 cases, 264 were early or surgical menopausal women. The overall incidence of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases was 18.75 per 1,000 person-years. Early or surgical menopause (HR = 4.32, p < .001), along with family history of cardiovascular disease (HR = 1.87, p = .024), elevated blood pressure (HR = 1.79, p < .001), abdominal obesity (HR = 1.37, p = .046), or duration of menopause at the same age (HR = 1.01, p = .001), were strong predictors of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to identify and closely monitor women with early or surgical menopause for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases prevention. Also, prevention of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases through blood pressure and abdominal obesity management is vital for menopausal women.


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Journal Papers > College of Nursing Science / Graduate School of Nursing Sciences > Nursing Science
Ajou Authors
박, 진희  |  배, 선형  |  서, 은지
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