BACKGROUND: Endoscopic transorbital approach (ETOA) has been proposed as a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of skull base lesions located around mesial temporal lobe (MTL), mostly extra-axial pathology. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of ETOA in accessing intraparenchymal MTL with cadaveric specimens and describe our initial clinical experience of ETOA for intra-axial lesions in MTL. METHODS: Anatomic dissections were performed in 4 adult cadaveric heads using a 0° endoscope. First, a stepwise anatomical investigation of ETOA to intraparenchymal MTL was explored. Then, ETOA was applied clinically for 7 patients with intra-axial lesions in MTL, predominantly high-grade gliomas (HGGs) and low-grade gliomas (LGGs). RESULTS: The extradural stage of ETOA entailed a superior eyelid incision followed by orbital retraction, drilling of orbital roof, greater and lesser wing of sphenoid bone, and cutting of the meningo-orbital band. For the intradural stage, the brain tissue medial to the occipito-temporal gyrus was aspirated until the temporal horn was opened. The structures of MTL could be aspirated selectively in a subpial manner without injury to the neurovascular structures of the ambient and sylvian cisterns, and the lateral neocortex. After cadaveric validation, ETOA was successfully performed for 4 patients with HGGs and 3 patients with LGGs. Gross total resection was achieved in 6 patients (85.7%) without significant surgical morbidities including visual field deficits. CONCLUSION: ETOA provides a logical line of access for intra-axial lesions in MTL. The safe and natural surgical trajectory of ETOA can spare brain retraction, neurovascular injury, and disruption of the lateral neocortex.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.