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Osteoprotective effects of loganic acid on osteoblastic and osteoclastic cells and osteoporosis-induced mice

Park, E  | Lee, CG  | Lim, E | Hwang, S | Yun, SH | Kim, J  | Jeong, H | Yong, Y | Yun, SH | Choi, CW | Jin, HS | Jeong, SY
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(1). : 233-233, 2021
Journal Title
International journal of molecular sciences
Osteoporosis is a common disease caused by an imbalance of processes between bone resorption by osteoclasts and bone formation by osteoblasts in postmenopausal women. The roots of Gentiana lutea L. (GL) are reported to have beneficial effects on various human diseases related to liver functions and gastrointestinal motility, as well as on arthritis. Here, we fractionated and isolated bioac-tive constituent(s) responsible for anti-osteoporotic effects of GL root extract. A single phytochemical compound, loganic acid, was identified as a candidate osteoprotective agent. Its anti-osteoporotic effects were examined in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with loganic acid significantly increased os-teoblastic differentiation in preosteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells by promoting alkaline phosphatase activity and increasing mRNA expression levels of bone metabolic markers such as Alpl, Bglap, and Sp7. However, loganic acid inhibited osteoclast differentiation of primary-cultured monocytes derived from mouse bone marrow. For in vivo experiments, the effect of loganic acid on ovariectomized (OVX) mice was examined for 12 weeks. Loganic acid prevented OVX-induced bone mineral density loss and improved bone structural properties in osteoporotic model mice. These results suggest that loganic acid may be a potential therapeutic candidate for treatment of osteoporosis.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Medical Genetics
Ajou Authors
김, 정현  |  박, 은국  |  이, 창근  |  정, 선용
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