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Relationship between screen time among children and lower economic status during elementary school closures due to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic

Lee, S  | Kim, S  | Suh, S | Han, H  | Jung, J  | Yang, S | Shin, Y
BMC public health, 22(1). : 160-160, 2022
Journal Title
BMC public health
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine whether the extended use of a variety of digital screen devices was associated with lower economic status and other environmental factors among Korean elementary school children and their caregivers during school closures precipitated by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: A total of 217 caregivers of children 7-12 years of age from Suwon, Korea, were recruited and asked to respond to a self-administered questionnaire in June 2020. The questionnaire addressed demographic information and children's use of digital media, in addition to their caregivers. The t-test was used for continuous variables, and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for variables measured on an interval scale. A multiple regression analyses were performed to examine the effects of significant correlative factors on screen time in children as predictors. RESULTS: Children with lower household incomes demonstrated a higher frequency and longer duration of smartphone and tablet personal computer use compared to those from higher income households. Children of households in which incomes decreased after COVID-19 used smartphones and tablet PCs more often and for longer durations. Children from households that experienced decreased income(s) after COVID-19 used personal computers more often and for a longer duration, and children from low-income families engaged in longer screen time on smartphones. A change in primary caregiver(s) may have increased children's screen time on smartphones. CONCLUSION: Lower household income was associated with longer screen time among children, and poor mental health among caregivers during school closures precipitated the COVID-19 pandemic.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences
Ajou Authors
김, 성주  |  신, 윤미  |  이, 상하  |  정, 재오  |  한, 효진
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