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Effects of simulation-based education for neonatal resuscitation on medical students' technical and non-technical skills

Lee, J | Lee, JH
PloS one, 17(12). : e0278575-e0278575, 2022
Journal Title
PloS one
Simulation is a learner-centered practice that helps develop and maintain knowledge, skills, and competencies. This study evaluated the effect of neonatal resuscitation simulation-based education for medical students in the fifth year (part of the regular clinical clerkship program) on the perceived performance of their technical and non-technical skills. In addition, we analyzed the difference between instructor's and learners' evaluations of technical skills after the simulation. A one-group pretest-posttest design was adopted. The simulation-based education of the neonatal resuscitation program (NRP) was conducted for 40 medical students from July to November 2020 at a medical school in South Korea. The simulation-based education comprised 5 minutes of pre-briefing, 10 minutes of running the simulation, and 30 minutes of debriefing (using a recorded video). The perceived performance of students' technical and non-technical skills before and after the simulation was compared by collecting and analyzing the pre- and post-questionnaires. The perceived performance of technical (p = .001) and non-technical skills (p < .001) was found to have significantly increased after the simulation. Particularly, the performance of technical skills, such as diagnostic (p = .007) and therapeutic actions (p < .001) and non-technical skills, such as leadership (p < .001), teamwork (p = .001), and task management (p = .020) improved significantly. There was no significant difference in the evaluations of the technical performance of the instructor and learners after the simulation (p = .953). Simulation-based education can improve technical skills, such as diagnostic and therapeutic actions for neonatal resuscitation. It is also effective in enhancing non-technical skills, such as leadership, teamwork, and task management. Further, after the simulation-based education, students can fully self-evaluate through objective reflection and improve their clinical competency.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
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