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Epithelial Autoantigen-Specific IgG Antibody Enhances Eosinophil Extracellular Trap Formation in Severe Asthma

Lee, DH | Jang, JH  | Sim, S | Choi, Y  | Park, HS
Allergy, asthma & immunology research, 14(5). : 479-493, 2022
Journal Title
Allergy, asthma & immunology research
PURPOSE: There have been autoimmune mechanisms for the pathogenesis of severe asthma (SA) involving epithelial autoantigen-specific antibodies. This study aimed to find the function of these antibodies in the formation of eosinophil extracellular traps (EETs), contributing to the development of SA. METHODS: Patients with SA (n = 11), those with patients with nonsevere asthma (NSA, n = 41), and healthy controls (HCs, n = 26) were recruited to evaluate levels of epithelial antigens and autoantigen-specific antibodies. Moreover, the significance of epithelial autoantigen-specific antibodies in association with EET production was investigated ex vivo and in vivo. RESULTS: Significantly higher levels of serum cytokeratin (CK) 18 and CK18-specific IgG were observed in patients with SA than in those with NSA (P = 0.001 and P = 0.031, respectively), while no differences were found in serum CK19 or CK19-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG). Moreover, levels of serum CK18 were positively correlated with total eosinophil counts (r = 0.276, P = 0.048) in asthmatics, while a negative correlation was noted between levels of serum CK18 and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) %. In the presence of CK18-specific IgG, peripheral eosinophils from asthmatics released EETs, which further increased CK18 production from airway epithelial cells. In severe asthmatic mice, CK18 expression and CK18-specific IgG production were enhanced in the lungs, where EET treatment enhanced CK18 expression and CK18-specific IgG production, either of which was not suppressed by dexamethasone. CONCLUSIONS: These suggest that EETs could enhance epithelial autoantigen (CK18)-induced autoimmune responses, further stimulating EET production and type 2 airway responses, which is a new therapeutic target for SA.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Allergy
Ajou Authors
박, 해심  |  장, 재혁  |  최, 영우
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