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Does bisphenol-A affect alteration of gut microbiome after bariatric/metabolic surgery?: a comparative metagenomic analysis in a long-term high-fat diet induced-obesity rat model

Son, SY  | Wang, B | Hur, H  | Kim, HH | Han, SU
Annals of surgical treatment and research, 102(6). : 342-352, 2022
Journal Title
Annals of surgical treatment and research
PURPOSE: Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely used environmental contaminant that is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and a shift of gut microbial community. However, little is known about the influence of BPA on gut microbial changes related to bariatric surgery. We investigated whether long-term exposure to dietary BPA causing alterations of gut microbiome occurred after bariatric surgery. METHODS: Six-week-old male Wistar rats were fed either a high-fat diet (HFD) or HFD + BPA for 40 weeks. Then sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or Roux-en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) was performed in each diet group and observed for 12 weeks postoperatively. Fecal samples were collected at the 40th weeks and 12th postoperative weeks. Using 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing analysis on fecal samples, a comparative metagenomic analysis on gut microbiome composition was performed. RESULTS: Long-term exposure to HFD with BPA showed higher body weight change and higher level of fasting blood sugar after 40 weeks-diet challenge than those of the HFD only group. After bariatric surgeries, mean body weight of the HFD with BPA group was significantly higher than the HFD only group, but there was no difference between the SG and RYGB groups. The metagenomic analyses demonstrated that long-term exposure to dietary BPA did not affect significant alterations of gut microbiome before and after bariatric surgery, compared with the HFD groups. CONCLUSION: Our results highlighted that BPA was a risk factor for obesity and may contribute to glucose intolerance, but it did not affect alterations of gut microbiome after bariatric/metabolic surgery.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
Ajou Authors
손, 상용  |  한, 상욱  |  허, 훈
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