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Association between impaired glucose metabolism and long-term prognosis at the time of diagnosis of depression: Impaired glucose metabolism as a promising biomarker proposed through a machine-learning approach

Lee, DY | Cho, YH  | Kim, M | Jeong, CW | Cha, JM | Won, GH | Noh, JS  | Son, SJ  | Park, RW
European psychiatry, 66(1). : e21-e21, 2023
Journal Title
European psychiatry
Background Predicting the course of depression is necessary for personalized treatment. Impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) was introduced as a promising depression biomarker, but no consensus was made. This study aimed to predict IGM at the time of depression diagnosis and examine the relationship between long-term prognosis and predicted results. Methods Clinical data were extracted from four electronic health records in South Korea. The study population included patients with depression, and the outcome was IGM within 1 year. One database was used to develop the model using three algorithms. External validation was performed using the best algorithm across the three databases. The area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to determine the model's performance. Kaplan-Meier and Cox survival analyses of the risk of hospitalization for depression as the long-term outcome were performed. A meta-analysis of the long-term outcome was performed across the four databases. Results A prediction model was developed using the data of 3,668 people, with an AUC of 0.781 with least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression. In the external validation, the AUCs were 0.643, 0.610, and 0.515. Through the predicted results, survival analysis and meta-analysis were performed; the hazard ratios of risk of hospitalization for depression in patients predicted to have IGM was 1.20 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.41, p = 0.027) at a 3-year follow-up. Conclusions We developed prediction models for IGM occurrence within a year. The predicted results were related to the long-term prognosis of depression, presenting as a promising IGM biomarker related to the prognosis of depression.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biomedical Informatics
Ajou Authors
노, 재성  |  박, 래웅  |  손, 상준  |  조, 용혁
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