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Extracurricular activities in medical education: an integrative literature review

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dc.contributor.authorKim, S-
dc.contributor.authorJeong, H-
dc.contributor.authorCho, H-
dc.contributor.authorYu, J-
dc.description.abstractBackground: The importance of extracurricular activities (EAs) has been emphasized in medical education. These activities could enhance medical students’ emotional and physical health and afford them developmental opportunities. Despite the growing amount of research related to this theme, few studies review and synthesize the existing literature. This study aims to provide an understanding of the educational implications of EAs in medical colleges and constructs an integrated conceptual framework concerning their types and learning outcomes by literature review. Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted following Torraco’s method, with the aim to generate a new framework for the given topic. The authors utilized Scopus and PubMed as databases, using search terms “extracurricular,” “medical,” and “students.” Initially, titles and abstracts were screened to include relevant studies, and the researchers verified the eligibility of the articles by following the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Of the 263 articles identified, 64 empirical studies were selected for further review. Results: EAs in undergraduate medical education can be classified into direct extracurricular activities and indirect extracurricular activities, the latter of which is sorted into nine sub-categories. We identified seven main categories regarding the learning outcomes of EAs. In addition to general activities (e.g., pro-social activities, team sports), some distinctive activities such as research have been largely addressed in previous studies. The results of EAs were discussed in relation to academic growth, career development, and psychological experiences. Conclusions: This review identified the types and learning outcomes of EAs in the context of medical education, thereby suggesting ways to improve the quality of EAs and maximize their educational effects.-
dc.subject.MESHEducation, Medical-
dc.subject.MESHEducation, Medical, Undergraduate-
dc.subject.MESHSocial Behavior-
dc.titleExtracurricular activities in medical education: an integrative literature review-
dc.subject.keywordExtracurricular activities-
dc.subject.keywordMedical students-
dc.subject.keywordOutcome of extracurricular activities-
dc.subject.keywordType of extracurricular activities-
dc.subject.keywordUndergraduate medical education-
dc.contributor.affiliatedAuthorKim, S-
dc.contributor.affiliatedAuthorYu, J-
dc.type.localJournal Papers-
dc.citation.titleBMC medical education-
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationBMC medical education, 23(1). : 278-278, 2023-
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Office of Medical Education
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