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Magnesium intake in relation to systemic inflammation, insulin resistance, and the incidence of diabetes.

Authors
Kim, DJ; Xun, P; Liu, K; Loria, C; Yokota, K; Jacobs, DR Jr; He, K
Citation
Diabetes care, 33(12):2604-2610, 2010
Journal Title
Diabetes care
ISSN
0149-59921935-5548
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term associations of magnesium intake with incidence of diabetes, systemic inflammation, and insulin resistance among young American adults.



RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,497 Americans, aged 18-30 years, who had no diabetes at baseline, were prospectively examined for incident diabetes based on quintiles of magnesium intake. We also investigated the associations between magnesium intake and inflammatory markers, i.e., high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and fibrinogen, and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).



RESULTS: During the 20-year follow-up, 330 incident cases of diabetes were identified. Magnesium intake was inversely associated with incidence of diabetes after adjustment for potential confounders. The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio of diabetes for participants in the highest quintile of magnesium intake was 0.53 (95% CI, 0.32-0.86; P(trend) < 0.01) compared with those in the lowest quintile. Consistently, magnesium intake was significantly inversely associated with hs-CRP, IL-6, fibrinogen, and HOMA-IR, and serum magnesium levels were inversely correlated with hs-CRP and HOMA-IR.



CONCLUSIONS: Magnesium intake was inversely longitudinally associated with incidence of diabetes in young American adults. This inverse association may be explained, at least in part, by the inverse correlations of magnesium intake with systemic inflammation and insulin resistance.
MeSH terms
AdultC-Reactive Protein/metabolismDiabetes Mellitus/blood/*epidemiologyFemaleFibrinogen/metabolismHumansInflammation/blood/*epidemiologyInsulin Resistance/*physiologyInterleukin-6/bloodMagnesium/*administration & dosage/bloodMaleYoung Adult
DOI
10.2337/dc10-0994
PMID
20807870
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Endocrinology & Metabolism
AJOU Authors
김, 대중
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