Both AP-1 and PRMT1 are vital molecules in variety of cellular progresssion, but the interaction between these proteins in the context of cellular functions is less clear. Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the pernicious diseases worldwide. An in-depth understanding of the molecular mode of action underlying gastric tumorigenesis is still elusive. In this study, we found that PRMT1 directly interacts with c-Fos and enhances AP-1 activation. PRMT1-mediated arginine methylation (mono-and dimethylation) of c-Fos synergistically enhances c-Fos-mediated AP-1 liveliness and consequently increases c-Fos protein stabilization. Consistent with this finding, PRMT1 knockdown decreases the protein level of c-Fos. We discovered that the c-Fos protein undergoes autophagic degradation and found that PRMT1-mediated methylation at R287 protects c-Fos from autophagosomal degradation and is linked to clinicopathologic variables as well as prognosis in stomach tumor. Together, our data demonstrate that PRMT1-mediated c-Fos protein stabilization promotes gastric tumorigenesis. We contend that targeting this modification could constitute a new therapeutic strategy in gastric cancer.
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