Cited 0 times in Scipus Cited Count

Deep learning model improves tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte evaluation and therapeutic response prediction in breast cancer

Choi, S | Cho, SI | Jung, W | Lee, T | Choi, SJ | Song, S | Park, G | Park, S | Ma, M | Pereira, S | Yoo, D | Shin, S | Ock, CY | Kim, S
NPJ breast cancer, 9(1). : 71-71, 2023
Journal Title
NPJ breast cancer
Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have been recognized as key players in the tumor microenvironment of breast cancer, but substantial interobserver variability among pathologists has impeded its utility as a biomarker. We developed a deep learning (DL)-based TIL analyzer to evaluate stromal TILs (sTILs) in breast cancer. Three pathologists evaluated 402 whole slide images of breast cancer and interpreted the sTIL scores. A standalone performance of the DL model was evaluated in the 210 cases (52.2%) exhibiting sTIL score differences of less than 10 percentage points, yielding a concordance correlation coefficient of 0.755 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.693–0.805) in comparison to the pathologists’ scores. For the 226 slides (56.2%) showing a 10 percentage points or greater variance between pathologists and the DL model, revisions were made. The number of discordant cases was reduced to 116 (28.9%) with the DL assistance (p < 0.001). The DL assistance also increased the concordance correlation coefficient of the sTIL score among every two pathologists. In triple-negative and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer patients who underwent the neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the DL-assisted revision notably accentuated higher sTIL scores in responders (26.8 ± 19.6 vs. 19.0 ± 16.4, p = 0.003). Furthermore, the DL-assistant revision disclosed the correlation of sTIL-high tumors (sTIL ≥ 50) with the chemotherapeutic response (odd ratio 1.28 [95% confidence interval, 1.01–1.63], p = 0.039). Through enhancing inter-pathologist concordance in sTIL interpretation and predicting neoadjuvant chemotherapy response, here we report the utility of the DL-based tool as a reference for sTIL scoring in breast cancer assessment.
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pathology
Ajou Authors
김, 석휘
Full Text Link
Files in This Item:


해당 아이템을 이메일로 공유하기 원하시면 인증을 거치시기 바랍니다.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.