ATF3 plays a key role in Kdo2-lipid A-induced TLR4-dependent gene expression via NF-κB activation.
Kim, EY; Shin, HY; Kim, JY; Kim, DG; Choi, YM; Kwon, HK; Rhee, DK; Kim, YS; Choi, S
PloS one, 5(12):e14181-e14181, 2010
BACKGROUND: Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is a negative regulator of proinflammatory cytokine expression in macrophages, and ATF3 deficient mice are more susceptible to endotoxic shock. This study addresses the role of ATF3 in the Kdo(2)-Lipid A-induced Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF). Kdo(2)-Lipid A upregulates ATF3 expression in wild type MEF cells and induces both nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation via the TLR4 signaling pathway, while neither of these pathways is activated in ATF3-/- MEF cells. Interestingly, in contrast to Kdo(2)-Lipid A, the activation of both NF-κB and JNK by TNF-α was normal in ATF3-/- MEF cells.
METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We found that several genes were dramatically upregulated in ATF3+/+ MEF cells in response to Kdo(2)-Lipid A treatment, while little difference was observed in the ATF3-/- MEF cells. However, we also found that the signal intensities of IκBζ in ATF3-/- MEF cells were substantially higher than those in wild type MEF cells upon microarray analyses, and upregulated IκBζ expression was detected in the cytosol fraction.
CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings indicate that ATF3 deficiency affects Kdo(2)-Lipid A-induced TLR4 signaling pathways in MEF cells, that it may upregulate IκBζ expression and that the high levels of IκBζ expression in ATF3-/- cells disrupts Kdo(2)-Lipid A-mediated signaling pathways.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :2,913,675
Total Download :1,177,275
Today View :929
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.