Predictors of resolution of hypertension after adrenalectomy in patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma.
Kim, RM; Lee, J; Soh, EY
Journal of Korean medical science, 25(7):1041-1044, 2010
Journal of Korean medical science
Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a frequent cause of secondary hypertension and is amenable to surgical intervention when it is caused by aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). Many patients, however, continue to require antihypertensive medications to control their blood pressure after adrenalectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the preoperative factors that predict clinical outcomes after adrenalectomy in patients with APA. We studied 27 patients (mean age 45+/-4 yr) who had APA and underwent unilateral adrenalectomy between December 1995 and September 2008 at our institution. Clinical and biochemical data were evaluated at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 51.8+/-47.0 months (range, 6-159). At the end of the follow-up, 16 patients (59.3%) were considered to experience "complete resolution" without postoperative medications, whereas 7 patients (25.9%) "improved" with medications and 4 patients (14.8%) were "uncontrolled." Three factors (< or =2 antihypertensive medications [P=0.007], duration of hypertension <6 yr [P=0.002], and serum aldosterone <350 pg/mL [P<0.001]) were the predictive for complete resolution in univariate analysis. Multivariate regression analysis showed that serum aldosterone level (<350 pg/mL) was the single most important factor that predicted complete resolution after surgery (P<0.001). The best preoperative clinical factor that predicted resolution of postoperative hypertension after adrenalectomy is serum aldosterone level (<350 pg/mL).
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