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Differences in postoperative outcomes, function, and cosmesis: open versus robotic thyroidectomy.

Authors
Lee, J; Nah, KY; Kim, RM; Ahn, YH; Soh, EY; Chung, WY
Citation
Surgical endoscopy, 24(12):3186-3194, 2010
Journal Title
Surgical endoscopy
ISSN
0930-27941432-2218
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Robotic thyroidectomy using a gasless transaxillary approach, first described in 2008, has become popular. This study compared outcomes, including postoperative distress and patient satisfaction, for patients undergoing robotic thyroidectomy with those for patients treated by conventional open thyroidectomy.



METHODS: Of 84 prospectively enrolled patients, 41 underwent robotic thyroidectomy (the robot group), and 43 received conventional open thyroidectomy (the open group). All the patients were followed up for at least 3 months after surgery. Videolaryngostroboscopic examinations were performed preoperatively and after 1 week and after 3 months postoperatively. Postoperative pain and discomfort were evaluated using a symptom scale. Subjective voice and swallowing changes were assessed by questionnaires; and satisfaction with cosmetic outcome was measured by verbal response at 3 months.



RESULTS: The two groups were similar in age, gender, type of operation, and final pathologic diagnosis. Although the mean operating time was significantly longer with the robotic technique than with open surgery, there were no between-group differences in postoperative pain or duration of hospital stay. No patient in either group experienced any major postoperative complication. Postoperative discomfort in the neck and swallowing disturbances were significantly more frequent in the open group than in the robot group, both at 1 week and at 3 months after surgery. However, there was no significant between-group difference in subjective voice parameters. At 3 months, the mean cosmetic satisfaction score was significantly higher in the robotic than in the open group.



CONCLUSION: Although postoperative pain levels and complications were comparable in the two groups, conventional open thyroidectomy requires a shorter operative time. The robotic technique, however, offers several distinct advantages including very good to excellent cosmetic results, reduced postoperative neck discomfort, and fewer adverse swallowing symptoms.
MeSH terms
AdultFemaleHumansMaleMiddle AgedPatient SatisfactionProspective StudiesQuestionnairesRecovery of FunctionRobotics*Thyroidectomy/methods*Treatment Outcome
DOI
10.1007/s00464-010-1113-z
PMID
20490558
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
AJOU Authors
이, 잔디나, 국영김, 라미소, 의영
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