Difference of body compositional changes according to the presence of weight cycling in a community-based weight control program.
Yoo, HJ; Kim, BT; Park, YW; Park, KH; Kim, CW; Joo, NS
Journal of Korean medical science, 25(1):49-53, 2010
Journal of Korean medical science
Many obese people who try to control body weight experience weight cycling (WC). The present study evaluated the importance of WC in a community-based obesity intervention program. We analyzed the data of 109 Korean participants (86% women) among 177 subjects who had completed a 12-week intervention program at two public health centers in Korea from April to December, 2007. Completion of a self-administrated questionnaire at baseline was used to obtain anthropometric measurements, and laboratory testing was done before and after the program. Differences in body composition change and obesity-related life style between the two groups were compared with respect to WC and non-weight cycling (NWC). After 12 weeks, both groups showed reductions in weight, waist circumference, and body mass index. The group differences were not significant. However, significant differences were evident for the WC group compared to the NWC group in fat percent mass (WC vs. NWC, -3.49+/-2.31% vs. -4.65+/-2.59%, P=0.01), fat free mass (WC vs. NWC, -0.95+/-1.37 kg vs. -0.38+/-1.05 kg, P=0.01), and total cholesterol (WC vs. NWC, -3.32+/-14.63 vs. -16.54+/-32.39, P=0.005). In conducting a community-based weight control program that predominantly targets women, changes of body composition and total cholesterol may be less effective in weight cyclers than in non-weight cyclers.
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