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Thioredoxins 1 and 2 protect retinal ganglion cells from pharmacologically induced oxidative stress, optic nerve transection and ocular hypertension.

Authors
Munemasa, Y; Kwong, JM; Kim, SH; Ahn, JH; Caprioli, J; Piri, N
Citation
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 664355-363, 2010
Journal Title
Advances in experimental medicine and biology
ISSN
0065-25982214-8019
Abstract
Oxidative damage has been implicated in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death after optic nerve transection (ONT) and during glaucomatous neuropathy. Here, we analyzed the expression and cell protective role of thioredoxins (TRX), key regulators of the cellular redox state, in RGCs damaged by pharmacologically induced oxidative stress, ONT and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). The endogenous level of thioredoxin-1 (TRX1) and thioredoxin-2 (TRX2) in RGCs after axotomy and in RGC-5 cells after glutamate/buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) treatment showed upregulation of TRX2, whereas no significant change was observed in TRX1 expression. The increased level TRX-interacting protein (TXNIP) in the retinas was observed 2 and 5 weeks after IOP elevation. TRX1 level was decreased at 2 weeks and more prominently at 5 weeks after IOP increase. No change in TRX2 levels in response to IOP change was observed. Overexpression of TRX1 and TRX2 in RGC-5 treated with glutamate/BSO increased the cell survival by 2- and 3-fold 24 and 48 h after treatment, respectively. Overexpression of these proteins in the retina increased the survival of RGCs by 35 and 135% 7 and 14 days after ONT, respectively. In hypertensive eyes, RGC loss was approximately 27% 5 weeks after IOP elevation compared to control. TRX1 and TRX2 overexpression preserved approximately 45 and 37% of RGCs, respectively, that were destined to die due to IOP increase.
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4419-1399-9_41
PMID
20238036
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Ophthalmology
AJOU Authors
안, 재홍
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