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Tracking of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells labeled with fluorescent magnetic nanoparticle in liver cirrhosis rat model with 3-T MRI.

Authors
Kim, TH; Kim, JK; Shim, W; Kim, SY; Park, TJ; Jung, JY
Citation
Magnetic resonance imaging, 28(7):1004-1013, 2010
Journal Title
Magnetic resonance imaging
ISSN
0730-725X1873-5894
Abstract
In vivo visualization of transplanted stem cells with noninvasive technique is essential for the monitoring of cell implantation, homing and differentiation. At present, superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) is most commonly used for cell labeling. However, stem cells lack phagocytic capacity and transfection agent is required for sufficient internalization of SPIO for cellular imaging. However, the potential hazards of transfection agents are not fully investigated. Instead of SPIO, we used commercially available new tagging material, fluorescent magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) containing rhodamine B isothiocyanate within a silica shell (Biterials, Seoul, Korea). This tagging material does not require transfection agents for the cell labeling. In addition to that, the core of this MNP is composed of ferrite and the inner portion of silica shell contains fluorescent materials, therefore, it has both magnetic and optical features. This study was designed to track intrasplenically injected bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) labeled with fluorescent MNP in liver cirrhosis rat model with 3-T magnetic resonance equipment. We compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of livers in rats which were injected with non-labeled stem cells or labeled stem cells with MNP or SPIO. We found that the respective liver-to-muscle contrast-to-noise ratios at 3 and 5 h after MNP or SPIO-labeled stem cell injection was significantly lower than that of pre-injection and non-labeled group. There was no significant difference between MNP-labeled group and SPIO-labeled group. We can effectively detect intrasplenically injected MNP-labeled MSCs in an experimental rat model of liver cirrhosis with 3-T MRI.
MeSH terms
AnimalsCell Tracking/*methodsCells, CulturedFluorescent Dyes/diagnostic useImage Enhancement/methodsLiver Cirrhosis/*pathology/*surgeryMagnetic Resonance Imaging/*methodsMagnetite Nanoparticles/*diagnostic useMaleMesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/*methodsMesenchymal Stem Cells/*pathologyRatsRats, Sprague-Dawley
DOI
10.1016/j.mri.2010.03.047
PMID
20663626
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Gastroenterology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiology
AJOU Authors
김, 태희김, 재근김, 선용박, 태준정, 재연
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