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Centrosome amplification and multinuclear phenotypes are Induced by hydrogen peroxide.

Authors
Chae, S; Yun, C; Um, H; Lee, JH; Cho, H
Citation
Experimental & molecular medicine, 37(5):482-487, 2005
Journal Title
Experimental & molecular medicine
ISSN
1226-36132092-6413
Abstract
Multinucleated cells resulted from mitosis defect have been noted in pathophysiological states of the cells such as inflammation, senescence and cancer. Since oxidative stress has been known to correlate with these pathophysiological conditions, we tested the effect of H2O2 on the cell cycle progression and formation of multinucleated cells. H2O2 induced a significant delay in cell cycle progression in Chang liver cells. Interestingly, H2O2 actively induced hyperamplification of centrosomes (n>or=3) and multipolar spindle formation during mitosis and subsequently increased the generation of multinucleated cells. A significant increase of the phospho-ERK level was observed upon H2O2 treatment but PD98059, an MEK1/2 inhibitor, didn't reduce the frequency of cells with hyperamplified centrosomes. On the other hand, treatment of either H2O2 or adriamycin increased intracellular ROS levels and multinucleated cells, which were significantly suppressed by antioxidants, N-acetylcysteine and PDTC. Thus, our results suggest that oxidative stress can trigger centrosome hyperamplification and multinucleated cell formation, which may promote pathophysiological progression.
MeSH terms
Cell LineCell Nucleus/drug effects*Cell Nucleus/metabolism*Centrosome/drug effects*Centrosome/metabolism*Gene AmplificationHumansHydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology*MAP Kinase Signaling SystemMitotic Spindle Apparatus/drug effectsPhenotypeReactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
DOI
10.1038/emm.2005.59
PMID
16264273
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
AJOU Authors
이, 재호조, 혜성
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