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Nordihydroguaiaretic acid inhibits IFN-gamma-induced STAT tyrosine phosphorylation in rat brain astrocytes.

Jeon, SB; Ji, KA; You, HJ; Kim, JH; Jou, I; Joe, EH
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 328(2):595-600, 2005
Journal Title
Biochemical and biophysical research communications
The Janus kinase (JAK) and signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signal cascades are major pathways that mediate the inflammatory functions of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), an important pro-inflammatory cytokine. Therefore, regulation of JAK/STAT signaling should modulate IFN-gamma-mediated inflammation. In this study, we found that nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), a well-known lipoxygenase (LO) inhibitor, suppressed IFN-gamma-induced inflammatory responses in brain astrocytes. In the presence of NDGA, interferon regulatory factor-1 expression was significantly reduced. Expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and interferon-gamma inducible protein-10 mRNA in response to IFN-gamma was significantly suppressed in the presence of NDGA, as was tyrosine-phosphorylation of JAK and STAT. However, the 5-LO products, leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) and leukotriene C(4), were not detected in cells treated with IFN-gamma, indicating that the effect of NDGA seemed to be independent of 5-LO inhibition. In addition, two other 5-LO inhibitors (Rev5901 and AA861) did not mimic the effect of NDGA, and the 5-LO metabolites, 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and LTB(4), were unable to reverse NDGA-driven suppression of STAT activation or affect basal STAT phosphorylation. Taken together, these results suggest that NDGA regulates IFN-gamma-mediated inflammation through mechanisms unrelated to the inhibition of 5-LO.
MeSH terms
AnimalsArachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase/immunologyArachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase/metabolism*Astrocytes/drug effectsAstrocytes/immunologyAstrocytes/metabolism*Brain/drug effectsBrain/immunologyBrain/metabolism*Cells, CulturedDose-Response Relationship, DrugInterferon-gamma/pharmacology*Lipoxygenase InhibitorsMicroglia/drug effectsMicroglia/immunologyMicroglia/metabolism*Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid/pharmacology*Phosphorylation/drug effectsRatsRats, Sprague-DawleySignal Transduction/drug effectsSignal Transduction/physiologyTrans-Activators/immunologyTrans-Activators/metabolism*Tyrosine/immunologyTyrosine/metabolism*
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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pharmacology
AJOU Authors
주, 일로조, 은혜
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