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Comparison of the effects of dexmedetomidine and propofol on the cardiovascular autonomic nervous system during spinal anesthesia: preliminary randomized controlled observational study

Joe, HB  | Chae, YJ  | Song, SH | Yi, IK
Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, 37(6). : 1541-1551, 2023
Journal Title
Journal of clinical monitoring and computing
Spinal anesthesia induces sympatholysis and is usually combined with dexmedetomidine or propofol which induce different hemodynamic changes. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect on autonomic nervous system between dexmedetomidine and propofol combined with spinal anesthesia. Patients aged 20–65 undergoing elective surgery under spinal anesthesia were randomly assigned to dexmedetomidine or propofol group. Heart rate variability (HRV) and hemodynamic variables were measured at four time points: T0, baseline; T1, 10 min after spinal anesthesia; T2, 10 min after sedative administration; and T3, 20 min after sedative administration. In 59 patients, dexmedetomidine and propofol groups had significantly different hemodynamic changes over time (time × group effect P < 0.001). The dexmedetomidine group had slower heart rate at T2 (P = 0.001) and higher blood pressures at T2 and T3 (P < 0.001) than the propofol group. Overall HRV dynamics showed a significant change over time from T0 to T3, but both groups exhibited similar trends. Compared to the baseline data within the group, the low frequency (LF) decreased in both groups but the decrease occurred at T2 in the propofol group and at T3 in the dexmedetomidine group. The high frequency (HF) increased at T2 and T3 only in the dexmedetomidine group. The LF/HF ratio decreased in the dexmedetomidine group at T3. Dexmedetomidine showed slower heart rate and higher blood pressure than propofol when combined with spinal anesthesia, however, dexmedetomidine and propofol exhibited similar trends in HRV dynamics. Compared with the baseline within each group, both agents decreased LF, but only dexmedetomidine increased HF and decreased in the LF/HF ratio significantly.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine
Ajou Authors
이, 인경  |  조, 한범  |  채, 윤정
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