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Risk factors for nonunion in oblique lateral interbody fusion

Chung, HW  | Park, KH | Lee, HD  | Jeon, CH | Jeon, JM | Chung, NS
Journal of orthopaedic science, 29(1). : 59-63, 2024
Journal Title
Journal of orthopaedic science
Background: Compared with posterior interbody fusion techniques, oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) offers a larger fusion bed with greater intervertebral space access, use of larger cages, more sufficient discectomy, and better end-plate preparation. However, the fusion rate of OLIF is similar to that of other interbody fusions. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with nonunion in OLIF. Methods: This study examined 201 disc levels from 124 consecutive patients who underwent OLIF for lumbar degenerative diseases with 1-year regular follow-up. Demographic and surgical factors were reviewed from the medical records. Radiological factors measured were sagittal parameters, intervertebral disc angle (DA) before surgery and at the final follow-up, presence of vertebral end-plate lesions, and cage subsidence. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the factors associated with nonunion. Results: Among the 201 discs, 185 (92.0%) achieved union at 1-year followed up. Smoking, surgery at the L5-S1 level, not performing laminectomy, and a large intervertebral DA were factors associated with nonunion in OLIF (all P < 0.05). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed two independent variables (surgery at L5-S1 level and not performing laminectomy) as risk factors for nonunion in OLIF. Conclusions: Not performing laminectomy and surgery at the L5-S1 level were risk factors for nonunion in OLIF. To reduce the nonunion rate, surgeons should consider additional stabilization strategies for the L5-S1 OLIF and perform laminectomy.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Orthopedic Surgery
Ajou Authors
이, 한동  |  정, 남수  |  정, 희웅
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