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Unveiling local and global conformational changes and allosteric communications in SOD1 systems using molecular dynamics simulation and network analyses

Basith, S  | Manavalan, B | Lee, G
Computers in biology and medicine, 168. : 107688-107688, 2024
Journal Title
Computers in biology and medicine
Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a serious neurodegenerative disorder affecting nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord that is caused by mutations in the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) enzyme. ALS-related mutations cause misfolding, dimerisation instability, and increased formation of aggregates. The underlying allosteric mechanisms, however, remain obscure as far as details of their fundamental atomistic structure are concerned. Hence, this gap in knowledge limits the development of novel SOD1 inhibitors and the understanding of how disease-associated mutations in distal sites affect enzyme activity. Methods: We combined microsecond-scale based unbiased molecular dynamics (MD) simulation with network analysis to elucidate the local and global conformational changes and allosteric communications in SOD1 Apo (unmetallated form), Holo, Apo_CallA (mutant and unmetallated form), and Holo_CallA (mutant form) systems. To identify hotspot residues involved in SOD1 signalling and allosteric communications, we performed network centrality, community network, and path analyses. Results: Structural analyses showed that unmetallated SOD1 systems and cysteine mutations displayed large structural variations in the catalytic sites, affecting structural stability. Inter- and intra H-bond analyses identified several important residues crucial for maintaining interfacial stability, structural stability, and enzyme catalysis. Dynamic motion analysis demonstrated more balanced atomic displacement and highly correlated motions in the Holo system. The rationale for structural disparity observed in the disulfide bond formation and R143 configuration in Apo and Holo systems were elucidated using distance and dihedral probability distribution analyses. Conclusion: Our study highlights the efficiency of combining extensive MD simulations with network analyses to unravel the features of protein allostery.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Physiology
Ajou Authors
Basith, Shaherin  |  이, 광
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