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Deep learning using computed tomography to identify high-risk patients for acute small bowel obstruction: development and validation of a prediction model : a retrospective cohort study

Oh, S | Ryu, J | Shin, HJ  | Song, JH  | Son, SY  | Hur, H  | Han, SU
International journal of surgery (London, England), 109(12). : 4091-4100, 2023
Journal Title
International journal of surgery (London, England)
OBJECTIVE: To build a novel classifier using an optimized 3D-convolutional neural network for predicting high-grade small bowel obstruction (HGSBO). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Acute SBO is one of the most common acute abdominal diseases requiring urgent surgery. While artificial intelligence and abdominal computed tomography (CT) have been used to determine surgical treatment, differentiating normal cases, HGSBO requiring emergency surgery, and low-grade SBO (LGSBO) or paralytic ileus is difficult. METHODS: A deep learning classifier was used to predict high-risk acute SBO patients using CT images at a tertiary hospital. Images from three groups of subjects (normal, nonsurgical, and surgical) were extracted; the dataset used in the study included 578 cases from 250 normal subjects, with 209 HGSBO and 119 LGSBO patients; over 38 000 CT images were used. Data were analyzed from 1 June 2022 to 5 February 2023. The classification performance was assessed based on accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: After fivefold cross-validation, the WideResNet classifier using dual-branch architecture with depth retention pooling achieved an accuracy of 72.6%, an area under receiver operating characteristic of 0.90, a sensitivity of 72.6%, a specificity of 86.3%, a positive predictive value of 74.1%, and a negative predictive value of 86.6% on all the test sets. CONCLUSIONS: These results show the satisfactory performance of the deep learning classifier in predicting HGSBO compared to the previous machine learning model. The novel 3D classifier with dual-branch architecture and depth retention pooling based on artificial intelligence algorithms could be a reliable screening and decision-support tool for high-risk patients with SBO.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
Ajou Authors
손, 상용  |  송, 정호  |  신, 호정  |  한, 상욱  |  허, 훈
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