Cited 0 times in Scipus Cited Count

Steatotic liver disease predicts cardiovascular disease and advanced liver fibrosis: A community-dwelling cohort study with 20-year follow-up

Choe, HJ | Moon, JH | Kim, W | Koo, BK | Cho, NH
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 153. : 155800-155800, 2024
Journal Title
Metabolism: clinical and experimental
Background: Steatotic liver disease (SLD) has emerged as new nomenclature to increase awareness and reflect the pathophysiology of the disease better. We investigated the risk of advanced fibrosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in SLD using data derived from a Korean prospective cohort. Methods: We defined SLD using the fatty liver index (FLI) and identified advanced fibrosis with the age-adjusted Fibrosis-4 Index. SLD was further subcategorized into metabolic dysfunction-associated SLD (MASLD), MASLD with increased alcohol intake (MetALD), and alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD). Findings: The Ansung–Ansan cohort of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology study, following 9497 participants from 2002 to 2020, included 3642 (38.3%) with MASLD, 424 (4.5%) with MetALD, and 207 (2.1%) with ALD. During the median follow-up of 17.5 years, CVD risk was higher in those with MASLD (hazard ratio [HR], 1.27; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12–1.45; P < 0.001), MetALD (HR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.33–2.65; P < 0.001), and ALD (HR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.01–3.77; P < 0.001) than in those without SLD, after adjusting for conventional risk factors. Notably, CVD risk was higher in the MetALD than in the MASLD group (P = 0.027). In the MASLD group, the number of cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) correlated positively with CVD risk (HR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.24–1.45; P < 0.001 for trend). Among the CMRFs, hypertension (HR, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.63–2.31; P < 0.001) was the predominant contributor to CVD. The MASLD (HR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.25–1.55; P < 0.001), MetALD (HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.38–2.23; P < 0.001), and ALD (HR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.30–3.07; P = 0.002) groups had a higher risk of advanced fibrosis than did the non-SLD group (P < 0.001 for trend). Interpretation: Our study provides new insight into hepatic and cardiovascular outcomes related to SLD subtypes. The risk of CVD increased in the order of no SLD, MASLD, and MetALD. The SLD subcategories, considering CMRFs and alcohol intake, outperformed traditional fatty liver categorizations in predicting CVD risk. The proposed SLD terminology could impact clinical practice, warranting further exploration of the heterogeneity of clinical outcomes among SLD subtypes.


Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Preventive Medicine & Public Health
Ajou Authors
조, 남한
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


해당 아이템을 이메일로 공유하기 원하시면 인증을 거치시기 바랍니다.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.