Cited 0 times in Scipus Cited Count

Diagnostic biomarkers for chronic rhinosinusitis in adult asthmatics in real-world practice

Jang, JH  | Yang, EM | Lee, Y  | Shin, YS  | Ye, YM  | Park, HS
The World Allergy Organization journal, 17(3). : 100879-100879, 2024
Journal Title
The World Allergy Organization journal
Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common comorbid condition of asthma that affects the long-term outcome of asthmatic patients. CRS is a heterogeneous disease requiring multiple biomarkers to explain its pathogenesis. This study aimed to develop potential biomarkers for predicting CRS in adult asthmatic patients in a real-world clinical setting. Methods: This study enrolled 108 adult asthmatic patients who had maintained anti-asthmatic medications, including medium-to-high doses of inhaled corticosteroid plus long-acting β2-agonists, and compared clinical characteristics between patients with CRS (CRS group) and those without CRS (non-CRS group). CRS was diagnosed based on the results of paranasal sinus X-ray and/or osteomeatal-unit CT as well as clinical symptoms. Type-2 parameters, including blood eosinophil count, serum levels of periostin/dipeptidyl peptidase 10 (DPP10) and clinical parameters, such as FEV1% and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), were analyzed. All biomarkers were evaluated by logistic regression and classification/regression tree (CRT) analyses. Results: The CRS group had higher blood eosinophil counts/FeNO levels and prevalence of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) than the non-CRS group (n = 57, 52.8% vs. n = 75, 47.2%; P < 0.05), but no differences in sex/smoking status or asthma control status were noted. The CRS group had higher serum periostin/DPP10 levels than the non-CRS group. Moreover, logistic regression demonstrated that serum periostin/DPP10 and the AERD phenotype were significant factors for predicting CRS in asthmatic patients (adjusted odds ratio, 2.14/1.94/12.39). A diagnostic algorithm and the optimal cutoff values determined by CRT analysis were able to predict CRS with 86.27% sensitivity (a 0.17 negative likelihood ratio). Conclusion: Serum periostin, DPP10 and the phenotype of AERD are valuable biomarkers for predicting CRS in adult asthmatic patients in clinical practice.

Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Allergy
Ajou Authors
박, 해심  |  신, 유섭  |  예, 영민  |  이, 영수  |  장, 재혁
Full Text Link
Files in This Item:


해당 아이템을 이메일로 공유하기 원하시면 인증을 거치시기 바랍니다.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.