Iron deficiency anemia in children with exstrophy of the cloaca.
Yim, SY; Walker, WO Jr; McLaughlin, JF
European journal of pediatric surgery : official journal of Austrian Association of Pediatric Surgery, 14(2):108-111, 2004
European journal of pediatric surgery : official journal of Austrian Association of Pediatric Surgery; Zeitschrift fur Kinderchirurgie
The clinical records of twenty-five children with exstrophy of the cloaca (EC) were retrospectively reviewed to evaluate the prevalence and the clinical characteristics of iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Five of the 25 children with EC (20 %) exhibited IDA at some point. Their ages at the time of diagnosis were between 1.9 and 13.0 years. In the four cases where IDA was thought to be related to iron malabsorption secondary to short-bowel syndrome, its treatment required longer periods of iron supplementation to correct the anemia and to restore the total body iron stores. Physicians caring for children with EC should monitor for and treat IDA as part of a comprehensive management plan.
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