Exploration of replicative senescence-associated genes in human dermal fibroblasts by cDNA microarray technology.
Yoon, IK; Kim, HK; Kim, YK; Song, IH; Kim, W; Kim, S; Baek, SH; Kim, JH; Kim, JR
Experimental gerontology, 39(9):1369-1378, 2004
The aging process is known to be regulated by specific genes in various organisms, including yeast, the nematode C. elegans, fruitflies and mice. To explore the novel genes involved in aging process, we applied cDNA microarray technology to a replicative senescence model of human dermal fibroblasts (HDF). Eighty-four genes, including inflammatory genes, cell cycle regulatory genes, cytoskeletal genes, and metabolic genes were found to show more than two fold expressional differences in young and old fibroblasts. Furthermore, 31 genes were confirmed to be up- or down-regulated during replicative senescence by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The overexpressions of several genes including CD36, putative lymphocyte G0/G1 switch gene (G0S2), tumor protein D52-like 1 (TPD52L1), chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 6, myxovirus resistant gene 1 (MX1), and the down-regulation of the immunoglobulin superfamily containing leucine-rich repeat (ISLR), neurotrimin, insulin-like growth factor 2 associated protein (IGF2A), and apoptosis-related RNA binding protein (NAPOR3) were newly identified. These results suggest that fibroblasts show the deregulation of various cellular processes, such as inflammatory response, mitosis, cell adhesion, transport, signal transduction, and metabolism during replicative senescence.
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