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Involvement of c-Src kinase in the regulation of TGF-beta1-induced apoptosis.

Authors
Park, SS; Eom, YW; Kim, EH; Lee, JH; Min, DS; Kim, S; Kim, SJ; Choi, KS
Citation
Oncogene, 23(37):6272-6281, 2004
Journal Title
Oncogene
ISSN
0950-92321476-5594
Abstract
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a potent inducer of apoptosis in normal hepatocytes, and acquiring resistance to TGF-beta1 may be a critical step in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the possible involvement of c-Src in the regulation of TGF-beta1-induced apoptosis. TGF-beta1 induced transient activation of c-Src and its subsequent caspase-mediated degradation concomitant with cell death in FaO hepatoma cells, which are sensitive to TGF-beta1. In response to TGF-beta1, activated c-Src was translocated into the cytoplasmic membrane, then relocated to the nuclei of apoptotic cells during its cleavage. In TGF-beta1-induced apoptotic cells, c-Src maintained its tight association with p85 FAK fragment cleaved by caspases, possibly contributing to focal adhesion disassembly. TGF-beta1-induced apoptosis was enhanced by either inhibition of c-Src activity using PP1 or PP2, or by overexpression of dominant-negative c-Src. In contrast, overexpression of constitutively active c-Src inhibited apoptosis suppressing TGF-beta1-induced activation of p38, JNK and caspases. In many HCC cell lines resistant to TGF-beta1, enhanced c-Src activity was detected. We hypothesize that activated c-Src in HCC may contribute to resistance against the apoptotic and/ or antiproliferative properties of TGF-beta1.
MeSH terms
AnimalsApoptosis/*physiologyBlotting, WesternCaspases/metabolismCell Line, TumorDNA-Binding Proteins/metabolismEnzyme ActivationHumansImmunohistochemistryIn Situ Nick-End LabelingPhosphorylationProtein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism/*physiologyRatsSmad2 ProteinSmad3 ProteinSubcellular Fractions/enzymologyTrans-Activators/metabolismTransforming Growth Factor beta/*physiologyTransforming Growth Factor beta1
DOI
10.1038/sj.onc.1207856
PMID
15208664
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
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