Nitric oxide negatively regulates c-Jun N-terminal kinase/stress-activated protein kinase by means of S-nitrosylation.
Park, HS; Huh, SH; Kim, MS; Lee, SH; Choi, EJ
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97(26):14382-14387, 2000
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
NO, produced from l-arginine in a reaction catalyzed by NO synthase, is an endogenous free radical with multiple functions in mammalian cells. Here, we demonstrate that endogenously produced NO can suppress c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation in intact cells. Treatment of BV-2 murine microglial cells with IFN-gamma induced endogenous NO production, concomitantly suppressing JNK1 activation. Similarly, IFN-gamma induced suppression of JNK1 activation in RAW264.7 murine macrophage cells and rat alveolar macrophages. The IFN-gamma-induced suppression of JNK1 activation in BV-2, RAW264.7, or rat alveolar macrophage cells was completely prevented by N(G)-nitro-l-arginine, a NO synthase inhibitor. Interestingly, the IFN-gamma-induced suppression of JNK1 activation was not affected by 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, an inhibitor of guanylyl cyclase. 8-Bromo-cGMP, a membrane-permeant analogue of cGMP, did not change JNK1 activation in intact cells either. In contrast, S-nitro-N-acetyl-dl-penicillamine (SNAP), a NO donor, inhibited JNK1 activity in vitro. Furthermore, a thiol reducing agent, DTT, reversed not only the in vitro inhibition of JNK1 activity by SNAP but also the in vivo suppression of JNK1 activity by IFN-gamma. Substitution of serine for cysteine-116 in JNK1 abolished the inhibitory effect of IFN-gamma or SNAP on JNK1 activity in vivo or in vitro, respectively. Moreover, IFN-gamma enhanced endogenous S-nitrosylation of JNK1 in RAW264.7 cells. Collectively, our data suggest that endogenous NO mediates the IFN-gamma-induced suppression of JNK1 activation in macrophage cells by means of a thiol-redox mechanism.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :2,913,675
Total Download :1,177,275
Today View :929
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.