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Genetic polymorphisms of drug-metabolizing enzymes and anti-TB drug-induced hepatitis.

Kim, SH  | Bahn, JW | Kim, YK | Chang, YS | Shin, ES | Kim, YS | Park, JS | Kim, BH | Jang, IJ | Song, J | Park, HS  | Min, KU | Jee, YK
Pharmacogenomics, 10(11). : 1767-1779, 2009
Journal Title
AIMS: Although some genetic risk factors have been reported for the development of hepatitis due to anti-TB drugs, an extensive candidate gene approach evaluating drug-metabolizing enzymes has not been attempted. This study aimed to investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms in drug-metabolizing enzymes with anti-TB drug-induced hepatitis.

MATERIALS & METHODS: We compared genotype distributions of tagging SNPs in promoter, exons and haplotypes in seven drug-metabolizing enzyme genes (CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, NAT2, UGT1A1 and UGT1A3) between 67 cases and 159 controls.

RESULTS: Among four tagging SNPs of N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2), -9796T>A in promoter and R197Q were significantly associated (p = 0.0016 and p = 0.0007, respectively). NAT2 haplotype 2 [A-A-A-G] carrying A allele of -9796T>A and A allele of R197Q showed significant association (p = 0.0004). However, there was no significant association between genotypes of other enzyme-metabolizing genes and anti-TB drug-induced hepatitis. The constructs containing -9796A of NAT2 showed significantly lower luciferase activity (p < 0.01), suggesting decreased expression of NAT2. The variant alleles and haplotype 2 showed significantly higher peak serum levels of isoniazid, lower acetyl isoniazid:isoniazid ratio and lower isoniazid clearance compared with wild-types.

CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that genetic variants in the promoter and exons of NAT2 increase the risk of anti-TB drug-induced hepatitis by modifying acetylation phenotypes and/or gene expression of NAT2, and there is no essential role for genetic mutation of the other metabolizing enzymes in the development of this adverse reaction.

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Journal Papers > Hospital > Clinical Trial Center
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Allergy
Ajou Authors
김, 승현  |  박, 해심
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