The prevalence of hallux valgus and its association with foot pain and function in a rural Korean community.
Cho, NH; Kim, S; Kwon, DJ; Kim, HA
The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume, 91(4):494-498, 2009
The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume
There are few data available regarding the association between hallux valgus and pain or functional limitation. We determined the prevalence of hallux valgus in a rural Korean population aged between 40 and 69 years, and its association with pain and function. A total of 563 subjects was examined using the foot health status questionnaire, the Short Form-36 questionnaire and weight-bearing anteroposterior radiographs. Hallux valgus was present in 364 subjects (64.7%). It did not significantly correlate with age and was more common in women. Of the 364 subjects, 48 (13.2%) had moderate or greater deformity, defined as a hallux valgus angle > 25 degrees . This was significantly associated with pain, worse function and worse foot health. The putative risk factors associated with painful hallux valgus were female gender, low educational attainment and the presence of pain in the knee.
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