Bcl-2 has been reported to inhibit neurotoxicity induced by cisplatin. However, neither the mechanism of cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity nor the mechanism by which Bcl-2 confers neuroprotection is clear. In this study, the signaling pathways involved in cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity were examined using a rat neuroblastoma cell line, B104. Treatment of B104 cells with cisplatin induced apoptosis, accompanying the accumulation of p53 and Bax protein. Interestingly, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activities of MAP kinases were markedly enhanced prior to cisplatin-induced accumulation of p53 and Bax. Inhibition of ERK1/2 activities using PD98059, a selective MEK inhibitor, blocked the apoptotic cell death preventing cisplatin-induced accumulation of p53 and Bax. These results suggest that ERK mediates cisplatin-induced p53 activation to trigger apoptosis in B104 cells. Overexpression of Bcl-2 in B104 cells resulted in the complete resistance to cisplatin-induced apoptosis blocking ERK activation and the subsequent signaling pathway of p53. Our study clearly demonstrates that the action site of Bcl-2 localizes upstream of ERK in cisplatin-induced apoptotic signaling pathway.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :2,425,899
Total Download :1,023,903
Today View :68
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.