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Comparison of antiproliferative effects of 1-histamine-2 receptor antagonists, cimetidine, ranitidine, and famotidine, in gastric cancer cells.

Hahm, KB; Park, IS; Kim, HC; Lee, KJ; Kim, JH; Cho, SW; Lee, SI
International journal of immunopharmacology, 18(6-7):393-399, 1996
Journal Title
International journal of immunopharmacology
In the immune system, histamine is known to suppress cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and nitrogen induced lymphocyte thymidine uptake, down-regulate some cytokines, and activate suppressor T-lymphocytes, and in the gastrointestinal system, histamine was reported to have trophic effects on gastrointestinal epithelial cells. Enhanced rates of cell proliferation by histamine are implicated in the pathogenesis. This study was designed since there is a lack of comparative data about the cell proliferations of histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H2-RA), cimetidine, ranitidine, and famotidine, in gastric cancer. KATO-III and AGS cell lines were used in this experiment. The concentrations of the histamine and cimetidine were 10(-5)-10(-8) M, respectively and those of ranitidine and famotidine were 10(-6)-10(-9)M, respectively. Cell proliferation after drug treatment was evaluated by direct cell counting, [3H]thymidine incorporation, and MTT assay. Activities of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a rate limiting enzyme in polyamine synthesis, were measured after each drug treatment. Protein kinase A, a cAMP-dependent protein kinase system, was assayed using [alpha-32P]ATP. Histamine showed statistically significant cell proliferating effects in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.001), the maximal effect in 10(-5) M concentration. ODC activities were increased in accordance with the increment of cell numbers after histamine treatment. Cimetidine reversed the histamine-stimulated cell proliferation significantly, the maximal effect in 10(-5) M concentration (P < 0.01). Although ranitidine showed the tendency to attenuate the cell proliferation dose-dependently, but without statistical significance, famotidine did not show such an effect at all. cAMP-dependent protein kinase activities were significantly increased following 10(-5) M histamine treatment, also reversed significantly by cimetidine co-administration (P < 0.01). Beneficial clinical outcomes could be anticipated from cimetidine treatment in patients with gastric cancer by anti-proliferating effects against gastric cancer cells. These effects of H2-RA are likely to be mediated by specific interactions at the H2-receptor.
MeSH terms
Adenocarcinoma/*pathologyAntineoplastic Agents/*pharmacologyCell CountCell Division/drug effectsCimetidine/pharmacologyCyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases/metabolismFamotidine/pharmacologyHistamine/pharmacologyHistamine H2 Antagonists/*pharmacologyHumansOrnithine Decarboxylase/metabolismRanitidine/pharmacologyStomach Neoplasms/*pathologyThymidine/metabolismTumor Cells, Cultured
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Hematology-Oncology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Gastroenterology
AJOU Authors
함, 기백김, 효철이, 광재김, 진홍조, 성원
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