The effect of external electron beam on neointima in rat carotid artery injury model.
Oh, YT; Kim, HS; Chun, M; Kang, H; Yoon, MH; Kim, JS; Kang, SH; Joh, CW; Kim, YM; Choi, BI; Park, KB; Park, CH
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 44(3):643-648, 1999
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
PURPOSE: Endovascular irradiation with either a gamma or a beta source has shown to reduce neointimal proliferation. However, the effect of external-beam radiation on neointimal hyperplasia is controversial. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of external-beam irradiation with different doses on neointimal hyperplasia in the rat carotid artery injury model.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-seven Sprague-Dawley rats underwent endothelial denudation injury by 2F Fogarty balloons on carotid artery. Immediately after the injury, rats were irradiated externally using 6-MeV electrons. Rats were grouped according to the radiation doses, 0 Gy as controls (n = 5), 5 Gy (n = 5), 10 Gy (n = 5), 15 Gy (n = 6), and 20 Gy (n = 6). Then, rats were sacrificed after 2 weeks and the carotid arteries were perfusion-fixed in paraformaldehyde. External elastic lamina (EEL) area, lumen area, maximal intimal thickness (MIT), and intimal area (IA) of the injured segments were measured on the basis of histomorphometry.
RESULTS: In EEL and lumen area, there was no statistically significant difference between the irradiated groups and the controls. In MIT and IA, low-dose radiation (5 Gy and 10 Gy) did not induce any significant reduction. High-dose radiation (15 Gy and 20 Gy), however, reduced MIT and IA significantly.
CONCLUSION: External electron beam reduced the intimal area, and the inhibition of neointimal proliferation was dependent upon radiation doses. This study suggests that the minimal effective dose for the inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia following denudation injury in the rat carotid model is between 10 Gy and 15 Gy.
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