Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders, 27(3):278-285, 2009
Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purposes of this study were to describe restrictions in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and to assess different patterns of IADL in each MCI subtype.
METHODS: A total of 566 participants, those not cognitively impaired (NCI; n = 311) and MCI patients (n = 255), 60-94 years old (71.25 +/- 6.00), were examined. Neuropsychological tests were administered to participants, and each MCI patient was classified into one of four subtypes. They completed the Barthel ADL and Seoul-IADL (S-IADL) for ADL measures.
RESULTS: There was a significant difference between NCI and MCI in terms of total S-IADL scores. ANOVA and a post hoc Dunnett analysis revealed that MCI patients performed significantly worse on four out of a total 15 items (i.e. telephone, transportation, finances and household appliances). ANCOVA showed a significant difference in S-IADL-MCI (4 of 15 items) between NCI and amnestic MCI-multiple domains after adjusting for age, gender, education and Geriatric Depression Scale (F = 4.257, d.f. = 1,556, p = 0.002).
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that scorings of specific IADL items are different in MCI subjects, and these items can possibly help in the identification of MCI subtypes, especially amnestic MCI-multiple domains.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :2,088,144
Total Download :881,303
Today View :241
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.