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Neurotoxicity of isoniazid and its metabolites in cultures of mouse dorsal root ganglion neurons and hybrid neuronal cell line.

Authors
Sanfeliu, C; Wright, JM; Kim, SU
Citation
Neurotoxicology, 20(6):935-944, 1999
Journal Title
Neurotoxicology
ISSN
0161-813X1872-9711
Abstract
Isoniazid (INH) is one of the anti-tuberculosis drugs widely prescribed for patients since the early 1950s. It is relatively nontoxic but some patients develop peripheral neuropathy attributed to a disturbance of vitamin B6 metabolism. Some isoniazid metabolites are hepatotoxic but little is known about their neurotoxic property. Isoniazid and its metabolites including acetylisoniazid, acetylhydrazine, diacetylhydrazine, isonicotinic acid and hydrazine were examined for their potential neurotoxic effects in cultured mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and mouse neuroblastoma x DRG neuron hybrid cell line N18D3. Isoniazid did not cause neurotoxicity at exposures up to 7 days. Hydrazine was found to be the most toxic metabolite with LC50 values of 2.7 mM and 0.3 mM after 7 days of exposure in DRG neurons and N18D3 hybrid neurons, respectively. Other metabolites including acetylisoniazid, acetylhydrazine, diacetylhydrazine and isonicotinic acid had moderate to minor neurotoxic effects on N18D3 hybrid neurons. Pyridoxine, which is used in clinical practice to prevent or ameliorate the isoniazid-induced neuropathy, did not consistently reverse the neurotoxicity of any of the metabolites in the cell cultures, but some interaction with hydrazine cannot be ruled out. Pyridoxine itself was found to be neurotoxic both in DRG neurons and N18D3 hybrid neurons, in agreement with human peripheral sensory neuropathy caused by prolonged overdosage. The enzymes catalase and superoxide dismutase and the antioxidant agent selenium showed some protection against hydrazine neurotoxicity, suggesting an involvement of the generation of reactive oxygen species in the pathogenesis of isoniazid neuropathy. Both mouse DRG neurons and N18D3 mouse hybrid neurons were shown to be useful culture systems for elucidating the neurotoxicity mechanisms of agents causing sensory neuropathies and general neurotoxic effects in the nervous system.
MeSH terms
AnimalsAntitubercular Agents/pharmacokineticsAntitubercular Agents/toxicity*Catalase/physiologyCell Survival/drug effectsCells, CulturedDose-Response Relationship, DrugDrug InteractionsGanglia, Spinal/drug effects*Ganglia, Spinal/pathologyHybrid CellsHydrazines/pharmacologyIsoniazid/metabolismIsoniazid/toxicity*MiceNeuroblastomaNeurons/drug effects*Pyridoxine/pharmacologySuperoxide Dismutase/physiologyTime Factors
PMID
10693974
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurology
AJOU Authors
김, 승업
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