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Comparison of the Incidence and Severity of Cough after Alfentanil and Remifentanil Injection

Other Title
Alfentanil과 remifentanil 정주 후 나타나는 기침의 발생 빈도와 정도 비교
Authors
조, 한범
Degree
Doctor (2011)
Abstract
Introduction: Intravenous administration of fentanyl derivatives can induce cough paradoxically. This study examined the incidence and severity of cough after a bolus of alfentanil and remifentanil.

Methods: Four-hundred sixty five patients, aged 18-70 years, were allocated randomly to three groups to receive alfentanil 10 μg/kg, remifentanil 1 μg/kg, or an equal volume of 0.9% saline intravenously over 10 s. Any episode of cough was classified as coughing and graded as mild (1-2), moderate (3-4) or severe (5 or more).

Results: The overall incidence of cough was higher in the opioid groups than the saline group. The remifentanil group [39/150 patients; 26.0%, (95% CI, 19.6-33.6%)] showed a higher incidence than the alfentanil group [11/152 patients; 7.2%, (95% CI, 0.4-12.6%)] (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the severity of cough between alfentanil and remifentanil group.

Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the equipotent boluses of alfentanil and remifentanil induced coughing, even though the incidence of cough after alfentanil administration was lower than that after remifentanil administration.
Keywords
alfentanilremifentanilopioid induced cough
Appears in Collections:
Theses > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Doctor
AJOU Authors
조, 한범
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