Mental Health and Self-care Activities according to Perceived Stress Level in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Metabolic Syndrome
대사증후군이 있는 당뇨병 환자의 지갖된 스트레스에 따른 정신건강과 자가당뇨관리
Sŏngin Kanho Hakhoe chi, 22(1):51-58, 2010
Sŏngin Kanho Hakhoe chi; Journal of Korean Adult Nursing Academic Society; Journal of Korean Academic Society of Adult Nursing; 성인간호학회지
Purpose: This study was to identify the mental health and self-care activities according to perceived stress level in type 2 diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome.
Methods: The descriptive survey design was conducted using a convenient sample. One hundred and fifty-two diabetic participants with metabolic syndrome were recruited in a university hospital. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Students’ t-test, and ANOVA with SPSS/WIN 12.0.
Results: The high, moderate, and low stress groups according to perceived stress score consisted of 30.9%, 38.2%, and 30.9%, respectively. Differences of mental health and total self-care activities among the three groups were statistically significant. Depression(F=46.73, p<.001), trait anger(F=5.75, p<.01), and anger expression-in(F=4.60, p<.01) of participants in the high stress group were higher than other groups, whereas the total of self-care activities(F=2.85, p<.05) and exercise(F=3.49, p<.05) were lower than other groups.
Conclusion: This study concluded that type 2 diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome with a high stress level were low in self-care activities along with elevated depression and anger.
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